Volume 1, Issue 3 (11-2019)                   Tabari Biomed Stu Res J 2019, 1(3): 14-20 | Back to browse issues page

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Makhtoomi M, Jafarnezhad S. Prevalence of self-poisoning among patients referred and admitted to hospitals in Tonekabon and Ramsar from 2005 to 2015. Tabari Biomed Stu Res J. 2019; 1 (3) :14-20
URL: http://tbsrj.mazums.ac.ir/article-1-3682-en.html
1- Medical Student, Student Research Committee, Mazandaran University of Medical Sciences, Ramsar, Iran.
2- Assistant Professor of Emergency Medicine, Department of Emergency Medicine, School of Medicine, Emergency Medicine Management Research Center, Hazrat-e Ali Asghar Pediatrics Hospital, Iran University of Medical Sciences, Tehran, Iran.
Abstract:  
According to studies conducted in different countries, the establishment of a poison control center has been successful in the reduction of mortality, length of hospital stay, and medical costs, as well as the provision of educational and research opportunities to extend the knowledge of emergency medical care. With this background in mind, a poison control center is urgently needed in the West of Mazandaran given the high population density of nearly 500,000 inhabitants in that region. In an attempt to investigate the necessity of establishing a poisoning center in the West of Mazandaran, this cross-sectional observational study was conducted to describe and analyze the prevalence of self-poisoning among patients referred and admitted to hospitals in Tonekabon and Ramsar within 2005-2015. Data were analyzed in SPSS software version 20. The present study was performed on 7240 subjects, out of whom 42.3% were male and 57.7% were female. The mean of suicide attempts differed significantly between males and females (P<0.05). The highest prevalence was reported as 34.4% in the age range of 20-29 years. In addition, 58.45% of patients were single. Moreover, most suicides were attempted by people without a high school diploma (47.1%), and the lowest rate of suicide attempts was related to those with postgraduate and higher education. In addition, most of the suicide attempts were attributed to the unemployed (32.5%), housewives occupied the second place with 21%, and the lowest rate was observed in the retired (0.6%). According to the results of the current study which are indicative of the high prevalence of suicide attempts by self-poisoning as well as the findings of studies conducted around the world, a poisoning center needs to be established in the west of Mazandaran due to high population density (500,000) in this region.

Published: 2019/06/29 | ePublished: 2019/06/29

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