Volume 2, Issue 2 (6-2020)                   Tabari Biomed Stu Res J 2020, 2(2): 57-48 | Back to browse issues page

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Golsha R, Ashoori N, Tajik M, Sohrabi A, Montazeri M. Prevalence of Nosocomial Infections in Intensive Care Units in Shahid Sayyad-E-Shirazi Hospital of Gorgan During 2016-2018. Tabari Biomed Stu Res J 2020; 2 (2) :57-48
URL: http://tbsrj.mazums.ac.ir/article-1-3705-en.html
1- Assistant Professor of Infectious Diseases, Infectious Research Center of Sayyed Shirazi Hospital, Golestan University of Medical Sciences, Gorgan, Iran.
2- General Practitioner, Golestan University of Medical Sciences, Gorgan, Iran.
3- Medical Student, School of Medicine, Sabzevar University of Medical Sciences, Sabzevar, Iran.
4- Research MSc in Biostatistics, Golestan University of Medical Sciences, Gorgan, Iran.
5- General Practitioner, Infectious Research Center of Sayyed Shirazi Hospital, Golestan University of Medical Sciences, Gorgan, Iran.
Introduction: Understanding the pattern of infections in the intensive care unit and the correct pattern of antibiotic use is vital in reducing mortality. Identification of risk factors for nosocomial infection and preventive approaches can be effective in reducing the incidence. This study aimed to evaluate the intensive care unit (ICU) acquired infection.
Material and Methods: This cross-sectional study was performed on patients admitted to the ICU of Sayyad Shirazi Hospital during 2016-18. All patients' information recorded and analyzed by SPSS version 16.
Results: In this study, the nosocomial infection rate was 3.5%, mostly in individuals over 60 years old. Most of the positive cultures were from two sources of urine and then blood. The organisms observed in nosocomial infections were Escherichia coli (16.9%), Staphylococcus epidermis (11.5%), Enterococci, and Enterobacter. The most commonly used antibiotics were vancomycin and then meropenem. Antibiogram results indicated the highest antibiotic resistance (100%) to cefazolin, piperacillin and clindamycin, and 96.8% to ceftriaxone. Vancomycin and amikacin had the lowest resistance.
Conclusion: According to the results of this study, the incidence of nosocomial infection is unavoidable, and its control is the most important health goals of medical centers. Proper treatment interventions are needed to reduce the impact of nosocomial infection.
Type of Study: Research (Original) | Subject: Infectious Diseases
Published: 2020/07/17 | ePublished: 2020/07/17

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