Volume 2, Issue 4 (12-2020)                   Tabari Biomed Stu Res J 2020, 2(4): 0-0 | Back to browse issues page

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Rahimi A, Rashidi M A, rasti A. Comparison of pulmonary function tests in patients with sickle cell anemia and sickle beta-thalassemia referring to the hematology clinic of Bandar Abbas Shahid Mohammadi Hospital with the control group in 2019-2020. Tabari Biomed Stu Res J 2020; 2 (4)
URL: http://tbsrj.mazums.ac.ir/article-1-3723-en.html
1- Department of Internal Medicine, Shahid Mohammadi Hospital, Hormozgan University of Medical Sciences, Bandar Abbas, Iran.
2- Student Research Committee, Hormozgan University of Medical Sciences, Bandar Abbas, Iran.
Introduction: Due to the high prevalence of sickle cell anemia and beta-shaped sickle cell thalassemia in this region, we decided to conduct this study with the aim of investigating the status of pulmonary function in these patients in Bandar Abbas.
Material and Methods: The statistical population in this study included all patients with sickle cell anemia and sickle cell beta-thalassemia who had referred to the hematology clinic from 2019-2020, which was equal to 60 people. Also, the workers who had referred to the specialized lung clinic for periodic health tests entered the study by observing the criteria for leaving the review as a control group. Demographic information in both groups was collected in a pre-prepared checklist. Then Participants were subjected to spirometry and pulmonary volumes were measured.   
Results: The patients in the case group, 39 (65%) were from sickle cell anemia, and 21 (35%) were from the sickle cell beta-thalassemia. In this study, all the studied parameters had a significant difference between the study group and the control, except for the mean age (p=0.906). In the control group, the values of FEV1 (Forced expiratory volume in 1 second), FVC (Forced vital capacity), and FEF25-75% (Forced expiratory flow 25-75%) are higher than these values in the case group, and this difference is significant (P <0.001).
Conclusion: The results of the present study showed that the levels of FEV1, FVC and FEF 25-75% in the control group are higher than these values in the patient group and this difference is significant.
Type of Study: Research (Original) | Subject: Internal Medicine
Published: 2020/12/30 | ePublished: 2020/12/30

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